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Architecture Re-definition, New Storage Selection – ZTE Released a New Storage Product -- KS20000

At the just-concluded ZTE Cloud Networking Ecosystem Summit, ZTE released a new storage product with a new architecture: distributed disk array KS20000. Disk array and distributed storage are two major product forms of enterprise storage. Disk array, which is an integrated scale-up architecture of software and hardware, is highly efficient. It has been the main form of enterprise storage for thirty years. Distributed storage, which is regarded as a software-defined storage system based on COTS hardware, is capable of mass scale-out. With the popularization of virtualized infrastructure, there are more applications of distributed storage. On the other hand, these two product forms have their own architecture weaknesses. Disk array, which is developed for the traditional IT architecture, cannot meet the elastic scalability requirements of virtualized infrastructure. Different types of disk arrays are used for different applications. In addition, data migration between different devices is costly, and data silos are easily formed in DCs. In distributed storage, the data path in the architecture is long and the software efficiency is low. This low efficiency cannot obtain satisfactory performance even through high configuration of hardware. Therefore, distributed storage products can only be used in the scenarios of warm/cold data storage. Based on an in-depth understanding of the storage architecture and years of technical accumulation in disk array and distributed storage, ZTE has launched a brand-new distributed disk array product: KS20000. It boasts both the advantages of a centralized storage system and a distributed storage system. It is the first distributed storage product in the industry that can completely replace HFAs (Hybrid Flash Arrays) and AFAs (All Flash Arrays). Under the same configuration, its performance is even or better. It is also the first scale-out disk array product in the industry that has mass scaling capability. It can achieve linear growth in performance and capacity. The major architecture features of KS20000 are described as follows:  Simple: The whole system consists of two hierarchies. Small-scale storage clusters are simple in networking and provide excellent performance. A KS20000 storage system is composed of multiple storage clusters connected by a management network.   Efficient: In the service cluster, logically disk-sharing clusters are built through high-speed interconnection, simplifying resource management, and further improving performance through distributed global cache. Flexible: KS20000 data distribution employs a mapping table mechanism instead of a distributed hash (DHT) mechanism adopted by distributed storage products in the industry, thus supporting the flexible distribution and flow of fine-grained data within the system. The main architecture features of KS20000 determine that KS20000 has unique advantages over other systems in terms of expansion capability, performance, and cost performance support. KS20000 has the following advantages:  High performance. Based on the efficient data processing architecture, the performance indexes of KS20000 can be even or better than those of the disk arrays with the same configuration, far exceeding the current major distributed storage products. Its high performance feature is displayed as:  KS20000 achieves high-performance EC: Compared with RAID5/6, it has higher performance. When the number of disks is the same, EC has higher performance than RAID1 or RAID10. Under the mixed flash configuration, KS2000 can easily exceed the customer's requirement for high-end disk array performance under the same configuration of OLTP model or OLAP model according to the performance grading standard for the group purchase test of mainstream operators. Under the full flash configuration, KS20000 can reach the high IO and low latency of the mainstream full-flash array products. This performance increases linearly with the number of nodes, fully meeting the requirements for building super-high performance storage pools. The mass expansion capability of KS20000 far exceeds that of traditional disk array products. Compared with traditional disk array products, the scale-out architecture of KS20000 eliminates the bottleneck of the controller capability and better matches the virtualized infrastructure. KS20000 can support 2-4,096 controllers and provide up to EB-level data management capability. It is applicable to various application scenarios from small edge sites to large cloud DCs. KS20000 is a high performance cost product Based on the efficient cache and unique data mapping mechanism, KS20000 eliminates EC random write penalty completely, and its performance is excellent. Under the same configuration, its performance is 3-6 times that of mainstream open source products. While providing the same IO performance and ensuring the same data reliability, the capacity cost of KS20000 high-performance EC is reduced more than half of that of the copy mode. KS20000 supports data flow between different types of hard disks in the system, and dynamically matches data and storage media, thus achieving the overall high cost performance of the system. As one of the few vendors in the storage field that have achieved self-development, ZTE has been investing in R&D of storage products for more than ten years, and has launched several generations of full series of disk array and distributed storage products. As the latest generation flagship storage product, KS20000 inherits ZTE's consistent features of high reliability, high performance and high quality. ZTE will continue to innovate, actively promote digital transformation, and work with partners for a win-win situation.   

5G Industrial Internet Empowers Intelligent Manufacturing

In November 2019, the General Office of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology issued the "5G+ Industrial Internet" 512 Project Promotion Solution, which promoted the integration, innovation, and development of "5G+ Industrial Internet". Over the past two years, with the joint efforts of all industry parties, the "5G+ Industrial Internet" project under construction, which has covered over 20 important industries of national economy, plays an important role in the transformation and upgrade process of real economy. 5G+ industrial Internet requirements  At present, China has built the world's largest commercial 5G network, and the construction of China's Internet and industrial Internet has entered the fast lane. For various differentiated industrial scenarios, the traditional ToC-oriented public network core network cannot meet the diverse requirements of the industry for 5G. Deterministic network (TSN): The traditional ToC network can only try its best, and cannot guarantee latency or jitter. The TSN network is used to solve network latency and jitter and ensure the network quality of the industrial Internet. With the development and large-scale application of the TSN technology, 5G TSN is in increasing demand. 5G LAN: In the current industrial network, the equipment is confronted with such problems as limited cable mobility, high cost of optical fiber laying, poor Wi-Fi coverage security, poor mobility, and support for only Layer-2 access. In addition, the link configurability is poor, and the application mode is not flexible. These problems hinder the scale and flexibility of the enterprise wireless private network. 5G LAN is extensively used in the industry. Ultra-low latency and ultra-high reliability (URLLC): For some special scenarios, such as automatic driving, remote control, telemedicine and VR/AR, it is required to achieve "close coordination" and "collision-free operation” between these intelligent devices. In this case, wireless, low latency and high reliability should be used for real-time data exchange to greatly improve efficiency and secure operation.  ZTE industrial Internet solution In various scenarios such as intelligent manufacturing, mining, power, iron and steel, metallurgy, port and transportation, all industries have their own pain points and difficulties. Differentiated requirements promote the customized development of ToB core network. Since 2022, ZTE's private network has been committed to deeply integrating into core services of the industry. For intelligent manufacturing, ZTE’s private network provides an ultra-reliable and ultra-low latency deterministic network, and combines URLLC with TSN to ensure the highly reliable operation of various equipment in the manufacturing industry. At the same time, the URLLC technology and TSN's deterministic network are used to ensure the real-time transmission of data in the network. For the mine industry, ZTE’s private network provides the 4G/5G integrated private network, and provides the data interworking and 4G/5G network interworking above and beneath the well, and runs independently. At the same time, ZTE’s private network provides the voice function to implement the voice interworking above and beneath the well, and can interconnect with the third-party voice dispatching system. For the power industry, ZTE's private network provides differentiated networks to meet service requirements in different scenarios. For the DTU differential protection scenario, the private network provides the TSN service to ensure the real-time arrival of periodic detection packets. For the electric power detection scenario, the private network provides the multicast communication service to save the uplink bandwidth. For the field scenario, the 5G LAN service is provided to save the cost of optical cable laying. For other scenarios, ZTE’s private network also provides different solutions based on the pain points and difficulties of different industries. To serve and integrate into the industry is the way for ZTE 5G to empower thousands of industries. ZTE private network O&M To meet the network maintenance requirements of industry customers, ZTE has launched a variety of powerful O&M tools. In the industrial Internet, the users are more concerned about the running status and running indexes of the terminals. To meet the requirements of these customers, ZTE’s private network has launched the enterprise O&M portal iDOS system to interconnect with the self-owned system of the enterprise. It can display the KQI (key quality indexes) while displaying the KPIs, so that the users can truly understand the running status of their own equipment and networks, and realize self-O&M and self-management. ZTE 5G industrial Internet collaboration practice  ZTE is actively working with various industries to promote industry leaders to build the high-technology and high-5G industrial Internet. In Nanjing, ZTE's Binjiang Factory uses 5G to manufacture 5G, and connects workshop production equipment parameters to the industrial Internet platform through 5G networks. In the production scheduling phase, end-to-end visualization, low latency, and intelligence are achieved. Intelligent warehousing and distribution of raw materials are achieved after they are warehoused and delivered to finished products. Production workshops achieve automatic production status perception, automatic collection of production data, and real-time analysis of product data. In Shenzhen, SANY and ZTE signed a strategic cooperation agreement. Taking SANY Industrial Parks (in Beijing and Changsha) as pilots, ZTE carried out demonstration construction of 5G networks and 5G services to explore 5G-based service application scenarios. In terms of 5G AR, 5G real-time industrial control, 5G cloud AGV, 5G remote control and unmanned driving, 5G high-precision positioning and unprotected security in the 5G park, both parties will work together to speed up the implementation of the industrial 5G model. In Zhejiang, ZTE and China Telecom Zhejiang Branch assisted Supcon in commissioning China’s first 5G SA site, and successfully put "5G slicing + edge computing + intelligent manufacturing" into trial commercial use in Zhejiang, helping the enterprise build a new 5G smart factory. ZTE innovatively developed the integrated solution of "5G slicing + edge computing + intelligent manufacturing". The video stream guaranteed by slicing reduces the latency, jitter, and packet loss rate of video data transmission, guarantees the bandwidth and quality of video transmission, and improves the accuracy and real-time performance of video analysis results. The Action Plan for Industrial Internet Innovation and Development (2021-2023) puts forward the 5G+ industrial Internet goal, which plans to build 30 5G full-connection factories in 10 key industries by 2023. ZTE has launched a good action plan for building 30 5G full connectivity factories in China. ZTE believes that, with the joint efforts of the entire industry chain, 5G fully connected factories will be widely constructed across the country in the next three years, to promote industrial Internet innovation in China to a new phase of development.  
5G Industrial Internet Empowers Intelligent Manufacturing
Building a 5G Smart Steel Plant to Lead the Digital Transformation of the Industry

Building a 5G Smart Steel Plant to Lead the Digital Transformation of the Industry

In September 2016, Baosteel Group Co., Ltd and Wuhan Iron and Steel (Group) Co., Ltd were reorganized jointly. The combined Baowu Group Co., Ltd. is the most modern and competitive iron and steel joint enterprise in China, and a super large modern iron and steel joint enterprise in the world. Baowu Group continues to promote intelligent manufacturing and digitalization transformation, and proposes four evaluation criteria for intelligent manufacturing of iron and steel processes: Centralization of on-site operation rooms, use robots for all operation positions, remote O&M monitoring, and on-line service procedures. Under a unified industrial Internet architecture, Baowu Group is committed to promoting integration of cross-industry, cross-space, and cross-man-machine interfaces.  The existing information system of Wuhan Iron and Steel Co., Ltd. (Hereinafter referred to as "Wuhan Steel Co., Ltd") is built in a chimney, and the communication between systems is poor. The existing communication networks do not have sufficient coverage, and the capacity is not flexible enough to meet the requirements of smart manufacturing. To meet the requirements of  four evaluation criteria and "three-cross integration," Wuhan Steel Co., Ltd introduces the 5G private network technology to take advantages of the 5G network, such as low latency, large bandwidth, and wide connections to achieve digital transformation. In the first half year of 2021, Hubei Unicom jointly built the 5G private network project of Wuhan Steel Co., Ltd with ZTE and CISDI. According to the requirements for the intelligent manufacturing business and the characteristics of the iron and steel industry, Hubei Unicom selected the construction mode of the independent private network to build the largest private 5G network in China (see Figure 1).  Figure 1 Private 5G Industry Network Architecture Of Wugang The private 5G network of Wuhan Steel Co., Ltd is exclusively provided by ZTE. The whole core network is offloaded and the complete set of 5GC NEs are deployed in the communication equipment room of the factory , and provide 5G data service for private network users (using private network cards), and support value-added private network voice/SMS services as needed. Based on the NFV virtualization architecture, the 5G private network adopts the general X86 server and networking according to CT resource pool standard, with separation of control/computing/storage, so as to meet the service development requirements through hardware expansion and software upgrade. The 5G private network of Wuhan Steel Co., Ltd adopts the mature 3GPP R15 specifications of the industry, provides good terminal and network compatibility, and supports the continuous evolution to the latest R16/R17 protocol version. Through software upgrade, the 5G private network supports such innovative features as 5G LAN, QoS Monitoring and TSN, and continuously empowers smart manufacturing. A total of 51 5G macro stations have been set up and commissioned in the 5G private network. The coverage rate of outdoor test of 5G network reaches 99.02%, the average downlink throughput reaches 800.59Mpbs, and the average uplink throughput reaches 150.78Mbps.  The entire network is independently operated by Wuhan Steel Co., Ltd, and all security policy rights are fully controlled, achieving the highest security level and control management. The 5G private network keeps very high independence from the public network on the physical transmission layer. There is no need to backhaul the data and signaling flows in the campus to the public network. The campus network is totally isolated from the public network, guaranteeing data security in the campus. Wuhan Steel Co., Ltd is the first to implement the smart manufacturing concept of"ALL IN ONE" . It has built the management and control center and four major operation centers for iron making, steel making, CSP and hot rolling, and centralizes the operation room far away from the site and implement functions such as data integration, real-time collection, "one-click steel making" and "smart transportation." With the gradual maturity of the terminal products of the R16 standard and the development of various innovative technologies such as 5G LAN, TSN, digital twin and XR, various applications will also be put into use in a large scale.  The "Baosteel 5G+ full-connection factory's innovative application and practice" project jointly created by Hubei Unicom, Wuhan Steel Co., Ltd, ZTE and CISDI won the First Prize of the 4th “Bloom Cup”5G Application Competition. ZTE shall work with Wuhan Steel Co., Ltd and Hubei Unicom to keep exploring 5G+ industrial Internet technologies and  5G practices+ innovative applications, comprehensively assisting the digitalization and intelligent transformation of the iron and steel industry.   
China Mobile, ZTE and industry partners release 5G VoNR+ Technology and Industry White Paper

China Mobile, ZTE and industry partners release 5G VoNR+ Technology and Industry White Paper

ZTE Corporation , a major international provider of telecommunications, enterprise and consumer technology solutions for the mobile internet, China Mobile, together with ZTE and other industry partners, have released the 5G VoNR+ Technology and Industry White Paper during the 5G Deterministic Networking Alliance (5GDNA) plenary session. This white paper introduces four technical capabilities of the VoNR+ network and the application practice of new calls in the individual and industry markets, aiming to promote the coordination and maturity of the VoNR+ new call industry chain. In 2022, China Mobile will launch the commercial use of VoNR. The 5G network-based audio/video call will bring consumers better audio quality and ultra-HD video experience. The 5G VoNR+ new call is a real-time audio/video call upgraded from real-time call to interactive and immersive call by adding the IMS Data Channel to interact any multimedia synchronously such as pictures, menus, emoji, and locations. China Mobile and ZTE have joined hands with other strategic partners to actively promote the 5G VoNR+ work in standard research, specification formulation, pilot verification and industrial promotion. In November 2020, the two companies, together with other industrial partners, released 5G VoNR+ White Paper. In 2021, the Guangdong Branch of China Mobile and ZTE carried out the 5G VoNR+ pilot to verify the services such as "calling party business card", "intelligent customer service", "video sharing", "electronic whiteboard", "content sharing", and "simultaneous interpretation" services. In the same year, the Guangxi Branch of China Mobile and ZTE verified the feasibility of 5G VoNR+ roaming scenario and regional networking deployment. The "Smart Installation & Maintenance" practice case in this white paper is an innovative practice of the Guangdong Branch of China Mobile 10086 customer service hotline and ZTE on the home broadband installation & maintenance process.   The 5G VoNR+ new call is expected to break the traditional limitations, greatly improve the call service experience, and revive the audio and video call service. Currently, the VoNR+ technology is still in the process of development, and there is a great space for industry applications.Moving forward, China Mobile and ZTE will adhere to technological innovation, lead and promote the development of the VoNR+ industry, and work together with the  partners to create a new future of voice calls.

China Telecom and ZTE deploy a dedicated 5GC on the public cloud

China Telecom and ZTE say they have jointly deployed what they claim is the industry’s first dedicated 5G core (5GC) on a public cloud. The deployment uses ZTE’s telco cloud-native “industry 5GC” (i5GC) solution. All function tests have been passed, and the results indicate that the i5GC and public cloud resources are compatible, ZTE says. Moreover, ZTE adds, this deployment of a lightweight dedicated 5G core on the public cloud verifies the maturity of dedicated 5GC technologies, and constitutes a significant step for private 5G network development worldwide as it will accelerate the use of public cloud in private 5G deployments. In the function test process, full container deployment of a dedicated 5GC, based on the EKS container platform, was implemented on the public cloud. The test verified multiple functions such as mobility management, session management, handover flow, security management, slicing flow and virtualization. It also effectively solved various adaptation problems from telco cloud to public cloud.   Based on this deployment, ZTE said, operators can easily, quickly and flexibly integrate industry applications into their networks, and provide industry customers with integrated 5G cloud-network services. ZTE said it worked jointly with China Telecom to analyze the development trend of lightweight dedicated 5GCs, discussed the value and advantages of private 5G network services on public cloud, and explored new cloud deployment models for industrial digital transformation. “In cooperation with China Telecom, we have been exploring new forms for private 5G network deployments, providing more choices for product integration, delivery, operation and maintenance,” said Wang Quan, vice president of ZTE.
China Telecom and ZTE deploy a dedicated 5GC on the public cloud

ZTE wins GTI Awards with its iCube Private 5G as a Service solution

3 March 2022, Shenzhen, China - ZTE Corporation (0763.HK / 000063.SZ), a major international provider of telecommunications, enterprise and consumer technology solutions for the mobile internet, today announced that it has won the “Innovative Mobile Service and Application Award” and “Outstanding Award” from GTI for  its iCube solution, a Tailor-Made Private 5G as a Service Solution at Mobile World Congress 2022 in Barcelona. The accolade verifies ZTE's outstanding contributions to mobile service innovation, business model innovation and sustainable development.Driven by Industry 4.0, more and more enterprises in the world choose private 5G network to implement intelligent production and management. It is an urgent problem for the development of the ToB market to solve on how to flexibly provide enterprises with on-demand customized private networks and how to realize rapid experience replication. ZTE launches its iCube solution to help operators simply and efficiently provide industry customers with customized private 5G network as a service, thereby accelerating the digital and intelligent transformation of the industry.  In different application scenarios, ZTE’s iCube solution provides the most comprehensive private network product forms, including public network-based slicing private network, industry-leading lightweight 5G core network, and board-level embedded private network. Network functions are modular and can be flexibly selected on demand for the construction of the most cost-effective private network.  With respect to business model, ZTE’s iCube solution provides a one-stop process from order to service, covering the entire lifecycle including customer consultation, service template-based network planning and design, pre-integration, automatic deployment, and intelligent O&M. This effectively simplifies the complexity of private network customization, shortens the service launch time and realizes private 5G as a service. GTI is dedicated to building a global platform of communication technology and promoting a prosperous ecosystem. GTI Summit 2022, with the theme of “5G & Decarbonization” has focused on the current situation and strategy of 5G development, as well as how technology innovation will play a role in reaching the goal of carbon neutral and Net Zero.  The GTI Awards is highly recognized in the fields of 5G technology innovation, end-to-end product capability and network architecture verification. ZTE’s Private 5G as a Service solution lands the two awards, epitomising that the innovative value of its iCube Private 5G as a Service solution is recognized by the industry. Moving forward, with the in-depth digital transformation of the industry, ZTE will continue to work with global operators and industry partners, to improve private network customization efficiency, achieve rapid replication of experience in digital transformation, and promote industry innovations.
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